Splints are hard wraps used to support and protect injured bones, ligaments, tendons, and other tissues. They help broken bones heal by keeping the broken ends together and as straight as possible. They also help with pain and swelling and protect the injured area from more harm. Can be used for support or immobilization of a limb or the spine. They can also be used in multiple situations, including temporary immobilization of potentially broken bones or damaged joints and support for joints during activity.
Splinting is performed for the following reasons:
To increase function, To prevent deformity, To correct deformity, To protect healing, To restrict motion, To allow for tissue growth and remodelling.
Any suspected fracture (broken bone) or dislocation should be splinted, immobilized, or both. An effective appliance helps to prevent further injury and to provide substantial pain relief.
A basic rule of splinting is that the joint above and below the broken bone should be immobilized to protect the fracture site. For example, if the lower leg is broken, the appliance should immobilize both the ankle and the knee.
Splints are noncircumferential immobilizers that accommodate swelling. This quality makes them ideal for the management of a variety of acute musculoskeletal conditions in which swelling is anticipated, such as acute fractures or sprains, or for initial stabilization of reduced, displaced, or unstable fractures before the orthopaedic intervention. All patients who are placed in them require careful monitoring to ensure proper recovery. Excessive immobilization from continuous use can lead to chronic pain, joint stiffness, muscle atrophy, or more severe complications (e.g., complex regional pain syndrome).
Selection varies based on the area of the body being treated, and on the acuity and stability of the injury. Splinting is mostly done on The following parts:
Upper Extremity; Arm, Shoulder, Elbow, Fingers
Lower Extremity; Pelvis, Hip, Leg, Knee, Ankle, Foot
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